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Get the Latest News. Rectangular ring and two teams of fighters opposite each other. When the forces are over, the comrade is replaced by the one behind him This is Sparta!

A new spectacular kind of martial A reckless wealthy Russian youth is arrested street racing while on drugs. His father pulls strings to get him a training job in the police, instead of a prison sentence, under threat he'll lose his inheritance otherwise.

The year Nikolay Gogol, a young Third Section clerk, is desperate: his own books seem shallow and mediocre, so he keeps buying entire print runs just to burn them all.

He is suffering When a young woman's murder shows similarities to a decade-old case, a new police commander must break the silence permeating an Owl Mountain town.

As four Russian friends grow up in the early 's, life, love and the curse of success threaten to derail their dreams.

First erotic thriller In Russia. Story starts with a summer fling between a provincial guy and a big-city girl. The holiday is over, the beauty returns to the city and receives a marriage The main character is an extraordinary and mysterious person, at the same time, he Rodion Meglin is an outstanding inspector.

Rodion is used to work alone in order to keep the secrecy of In order to save his own department, a police officer from Rublevka Grisha Izmaylov is forced to go to A family on the brink of splitting up become the owners of a cutting-edge robot being sought by a corporation, homicide investigators and terrorists.

A true story, set in the future. About seeds and genetic diversity, about growth and decay, about love and war, about hunger of all kinds.

About what it means to be human, even when all your humanity is stripped away. While investigating the mysterious death of a teacher, a grizzled detective gets caught up in the world of a high-stakes virtual reality game.

While watching this series I got the oddest feeling that the director and actors made this for themselves and not the audience. Maybe that's the way Russian movies are made.

Whatever, it was not a very enjoyable experience and I went to sleep several times as the episodes wore on. I think Americans and English make better Russian movies than the Russians do.

Sign In. Keep track of everything you watch; tell your friends. Full Cast and Crew. Release Dates. Official Sites. Company Credits.

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Share this Rating Title: S'parta — 6. However, other scholars question this interpretation. Xenophon explicitly denies it, [97] but not Plutarch.

Spartan men remained in the active reserve until age Men were encouraged to marry at age 20 but could not live with their families until they left their active military service at age They called themselves " homoioi " equals , pointing to their common lifestyle and the discipline of the phalanx , which demanded that no soldier be superior to his comrades.

Spartans buried their battle dead on or near the battle field; corpses were not brought back on their hoplons. Thus the shield was symbolic of the individual soldier's subordination to his unit, his integral part in its success, and his solemn responsibility to his comrades in arms — messmates and friends, often close blood relations.

According to Aristotle, the Spartan military culture was actually short-sighted and ineffective. He observed:. It is the standards of civilized men not of beasts that must be kept in mind, for it is good men not beasts who are capable of real courage.

Those like the Spartans who concentrate on the one and ignore the other in their education turn men into machines and in devoting themselves to one single aspect of city's life, end up making them inferior even in that.

One of the most persistent myths about Sparta that has no basis in fact is the notion that Spartan mothers were without feelings toward their off-spring and helped enforce a militaristic lifestyle on their sons and husbands.

In some of these sayings, mothers revile their sons in insulting language merely for surviving a battle. These sayings purporting to be from Spartan women were far more likely to be of Athenian origin and designed to portray Spartan women as unnatural and so undeserving of pity.

Sparta's agriculture consisted mainly of barley, wine, cheese, grain, and figs. These items were grown locally on each Spartan citizens kleros and were tended to by helots.

Spartan citizens were required to donate a certain amount of what they yielded from their kleros to their syssitia, or mess.

These donations to the syssitia were a requirement for every Spartan citizen. All the donated food was then redistributed to feed the Spartan population of that syssitia.

The custom was to capture women for marriage The so-called 'bridesmaid' took charge of the captured girl. She first shaved her head to the scalp, then dressed her in a man's cloak and sandals, and laid her down alone on a mattress in the dark.

The bridegroom — who was not drunk and thus not impotent, but was sober as always — first had dinner in the messes, then would slip in, undo her belt, lift her and carry her to the bed.

The husband continued to visit his wife in secret for some time after the marriage. These customs, unique to the Spartans, have been interpreted in various ways.

One of them decidedly supports the need to disguise the bride as a man in order to help the bridegroom consummate the marriage, so unaccustomed were men to women's looks at the time of their first intercourse.

The "abduction" may have served to ward off the evil eye , and the cutting of the wife's hair was perhaps part of a rite of passage that signaled her entrance into a new life.

Spartan women, of the citizenry class, enjoyed a status, power, and respect that was unknown in the rest of the classical world.

The higher status of females in Spartan society started at birth; unlike Athens, Spartan girls were fed the same food as their brothers.

The reasons for delaying marriage were to ensure the birth of healthy children, but the effect was to spare Spartan women the hazards and lasting health damage associated with pregnancy among adolescents.

Spartan women, better fed from childhood and fit from exercise, stood a far better chance of reaching old age than their sisters in other Greek cities, where the median age for death was Unlike Athenian women who wore heavy, concealing clothes and were rarely seen outside the house, Spartan women wore dresses peplos slit up the side to allow freer movement and moved freely about the city, either walking or driving chariots.

Girls as well as boys exercised, possibly in the nude, and young women as well as young men may have participated in the Gymnopaedia "Festival of Nude Youths".

In accordance with the Spartan belief that breeding should be between the most physically fit parents, many older men allowed younger, more fit men, to impregnate their wives.

Other unmarried or childless men might even request another man's wife to bear his children if she had previously been a strong child bearer.

The Spartan population was hard to maintain due to the constant absence and loss of the men in battle and the intense physical inspection of newborns.

Spartan women were also literate and numerate, a rarity in the ancient world. Furthermore, as a result of their education and the fact that they moved freely in society engaging with their fellow male citizens, they were notorious for speaking their minds even in public.

Plato goes on to praise Spartan women's ability when it came to philosophical discussion. Most importantly, Spartan women had economic power because they controlled their own properties, and those of their husbands.

Unlike women in Athens, if a Spartan woman became the heiress of her father because she had no living brothers to inherit an epikleros , the woman was not required to divorce her current spouse in order to marry her nearest paternal relative.

Many women played a significant role in the history of Sparta. Herodotus records that as a small girl she advised her father Cleomenes to resist a bribe.

She was later said to be responsible for decoding a warning that the Persian forces were about to invade Greece; after Spartan generals could not decode a wooden tablet covered in wax, she ordered them to clear the wax, revealing the warning.

Laconophilia is love or admiration of Sparta and its culture or constitution. Sparta was subject of considerable admiration in its day, even in rival Athens.

In ancient times "Many of the noblest and best of the Athenians always considered the Spartan state nearly as an ideal theory realised in practice. With the revival of classical learning in Renaissance Europe , Laconophilia re-appeared, for example in the writings of Machiavelli.

The Elizabethan English constitutionalist John Aylmer compared the mixed government of Tudor England to the Spartan republic, stating that "Lacedemonia [was] the noblest and best city governed that ever was".

He commended it as a model for England. The philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau contrasted Sparta favourably with Athens in his Discourse on the Arts and Sciences , arguing that its austere constitution was preferable to the more sophisticated Athenian life.

Sparta was also used as a model of austere purity by Revolutionary and Napoleonic France. A German racist strain of Laconophilia was initiated by Karl Otfried Müller , who linked Spartan ideals to the supposed racial superiority of the Dorians, the ethnic sub-group of the Greeks to which the Spartans belonged.

In the 20th century, this developed into Fascist admiration of Spartan ideals. Adolf Hitler praised the Spartans, recommending in that Germany should imitate them by limiting "the number allowed to live".

He added that "The Spartans were once capable of such a wise measure The subjugation of , Helots by 6, Spartans was only possible because of the racial superiority of the Spartans.

Certain early Zionists, and particularly the founders of Kibbutz movement in Israel, were influenced by Spartan ideals, particularly in education.

Tabenkin , a founding father of the Kibbutz movement and the Palmach strikeforce, prescribed that education for warfare "should begin from the nursery", that children should from kindergarten be taken to "spend nights in the mountains and valleys".

In modern times, the adjective "spartan" means simple, frugal, avoiding luxury and comfort. Sparta also features prominently in modern popular culture , most famously the Battle of Thermopylae see Battle of Thermopylae in popular culture.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the ancient Greek city-state. For modern-day Sparta, see Sparta, Laconia.

For other uses, see Sparta disambiguation. For other uses, see Spartan disambiguation. City-state in ancient Greece.

The letter lambda was used by the Spartan army as a symbol of Lacedaemon. Ephors Gerousia. Main article: Menelaion, Sparta. Main article: History of Sparta.

Main article: Spartan Constitution. Main article: Helots. Main article: Perioeci. Main article: Agoge.

Main articles: Spartan army and Spartiate. Main article: Women in ancient Sparta. Main article: Laconophilia.

The metics, i. There an amphitheatre was built in the 3rd century AD to observe the ritual whipping of Spartan youths.

History of western philosophy. Word study tool of Ancient languages. University of Oslo. In Bakker, Egbert J. A Companion to the Ancient Greek Language.

Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World. Etymological Dictionary of Greek. With the assistance of Lucien van Beek. Leiden, Boston: Brill.

Archived from the original on Retrieved Lefkowitz, Mary R. Black Athena Revisited. The University of North Carolina Press.

Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short. A Latin Dictionary on Perseus Project. A Dictionary of Ancient Geography [etc. Robinson [etc. Hesychii Alexandrini Lexicon in Greek.

Jena: Frederick Mauk. Contributions toward a History of Arabico-Gothic Culture. In Chisholm, Hugh ed. Cambridge University Press.

David Cartwright, p. Franz Steiner Verlag. Encyclopedia Of Ancient Greece. Routledge UK. Matthew Bennett, p. By Agnes Savill.

In Pohlenz, M. Tusculanae Disputationes in Latin. Leipzig: Teubner. At the Perseus Project. Hellenistic and Roman Sparta.

Psychology Press. The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature. Pomeroy , Stanley M. Powell, , p. In Kohl, Marvin ed. Infanticide and the Value of Life.

NY: Prometheus Books. However this may be conflating later practice with that of the classical period. Beth Cohen, p. Western Heritage. David Brill Archive.

J Homosex. Schrader Markoulakis Publications. Retrieved September 14, Pomeroy Spartan Women. Oxford University Press. In Spataro, Michela; Villing, Alexandra eds.

Ceramics, Cuisine and Culture. United Kingdom: Oxbow Books. Transactions of the American Philological Association. New York: Schocken Books, pp. Davies, Norman [].

Europe: a History. Random House. A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges. New York: Harper and Brothers. Jones, Henry Stuart ed. A Greek-English Lexicon.

Oxford: Clarendon Press. Description of Greece. Jones, Litt. Ormerod, M. Cambridge, MA; London. Corrected and revised by.

William W. Goodwin, PH. Talbert ed. Finley, Rex Warner ed. Ancient Greece. History Geography. City states Politics Military.

Apella Ephor Gerousia. Synedrion Koinon. List of ancient Greeks. Philosophers Playwrights Poets Tyrants. Society Culture.

Greek colonisation. Category Portal Outline. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read View source View history. Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file.

Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons. Territory of ancient Sparta. Greek polytheism. Preceded by. Greek Dark Ages.

Sparta: War of Empires ist ein Freemium-MMO (Massively Multiplayer Online) Strategie-Videospiel, des Spieleentwicklers Plarium für Webbrowser. Das Spiel. Spiel mit MERKUR ACTION GAMES - Es wird auf zwei Walzensätzen mit je 5 Gewinnlinien gemäß Gewinnplan von links nach rechts gewonnen. Leonidas ist​. Du betrittst mit Spielstart mystische und historische Welt in Sparta, eine Stadt die ins Chaos versunken ist und nun nach einer harten Hand als. Rezension/Kritik Spiel: Sparta. [email protected] Euer Magazin zum Thema Brettspiele und Kartenspiele. Regelmässig Rezensionen/Spielekritik, Kurzspielregeln. Sparta War of Empires kostenlos spielen „Sparta: War of Empires“ ist ein kostenloses Strategiespiel-Highlight! Hier geht's direkt zum SpielFoto.

First erotic thriller In Russia. Story starts with a summer fling between a provincial guy and a big-city girl.

The holiday is over, the beauty returns to the city and receives a marriage The main character is an extraordinary and mysterious person, at the same time, he Rodion Meglin is an outstanding inspector.

Rodion is used to work alone in order to keep the secrecy of In order to save his own department, a police officer from Rublevka Grisha Izmaylov is forced to go to A family on the brink of splitting up become the owners of a cutting-edge robot being sought by a corporation, homicide investigators and terrorists.

A true story, set in the future. About seeds and genetic diversity, about growth and decay, about love and war, about hunger of all kinds.

About what it means to be human, even when all your humanity is stripped away. While investigating the mysterious death of a teacher, a grizzled detective gets caught up in the world of a high-stakes virtual reality game.

While watching this series I got the oddest feeling that the director and actors made this for themselves and not the audience. Maybe that's the way Russian movies are made.

Whatever, it was not a very enjoyable experience and I went to sleep several times as the episodes wore on.

I think Americans and English make better Russian movies than the Russians do. Sign In. Keep track of everything you watch; tell your friends.

Full Cast and Crew. Release Dates. Official Sites. Company Credits. Technical Specs. Episode List. Plot Summary. Plot Keywords.

Parents Guide. External Sites. User Reviews. User Ratings. External Reviews. Metacritic Reviews. Photo Gallery. Trailers and Videos. Crazy Credits.

Alternate Versions. Rate This. Episode Guide. Added to Watchlist. Top-Rated Episodes S1. Error: please try again.

Major Comic-Con Home News. Russian films. My watch later list. The Tv shows i have watched so far. Share this Rating Title: S'parta — 6.

Use the HTML below. You must be a registered user to use the IMDb rating plugin. Episodes Seasons. Edit Cast Series cast summary: Alyssa Lozovskaya Irina Shorina 8 episodes, Alexander Petrov Michail Barkovskiy 8 episodes, Artyom Tkachenko Igor Andreevich Kryuko 8 episodes, Philipp Mogilnitskiy Learn more More Like This.

Sparta Drama Thriller. Without the right to make a mistake. Without the right to rematch. Post BCE, some Spartan youth apparently became members of an irregular unit known as the Krypteia.

The immediate objective of this unit was to seek out and kill vulnerable helot Laconians as part of the larger program of terrorising and intimidating the helot population.

Less information is available about the education of Spartan girls, but they seem to have gone through a fairly extensive formal educational cycle, broadly similar to that of the boys but with less emphasis on military training.

In this respect, classical Sparta was unique in ancient Greece. In no other city-state did women receive any kind of formal education.

At age 20, the Spartan citizen began his membership in one of the syssitia dining messes or clubs , composed of about fifteen members each, of which every citizen was required to be a member.

The Spartans were not eligible for election for public office until the age of Only native Spartans were considered full citizens and were obliged to undergo the training as prescribed by law, as well as participate in and contribute financially to one of the syssitia.

Sparta is thought to be the first city to practice athletic nudity, and some scholars claim that it was also the first to formalize pederasty.

The agoge , the education of the ruling class, was, they claim, founded on pederastic relationships required of each citizen, [] with the lover responsible for the boy's training.

However, other scholars question this interpretation. Xenophon explicitly denies it, [97] but not Plutarch. Spartan men remained in the active reserve until age Men were encouraged to marry at age 20 but could not live with their families until they left their active military service at age They called themselves " homoioi " equals , pointing to their common lifestyle and the discipline of the phalanx , which demanded that no soldier be superior to his comrades.

Spartans buried their battle dead on or near the battle field; corpses were not brought back on their hoplons.

Thus the shield was symbolic of the individual soldier's subordination to his unit, his integral part in its success, and his solemn responsibility to his comrades in arms — messmates and friends, often close blood relations.

According to Aristotle, the Spartan military culture was actually short-sighted and ineffective. He observed:.

It is the standards of civilized men not of beasts that must be kept in mind, for it is good men not beasts who are capable of real courage.

Those like the Spartans who concentrate on the one and ignore the other in their education turn men into machines and in devoting themselves to one single aspect of city's life, end up making them inferior even in that.

One of the most persistent myths about Sparta that has no basis in fact is the notion that Spartan mothers were without feelings toward their off-spring and helped enforce a militaristic lifestyle on their sons and husbands.

In some of these sayings, mothers revile their sons in insulting language merely for surviving a battle. These sayings purporting to be from Spartan women were far more likely to be of Athenian origin and designed to portray Spartan women as unnatural and so undeserving of pity.

Sparta's agriculture consisted mainly of barley, wine, cheese, grain, and figs. These items were grown locally on each Spartan citizens kleros and were tended to by helots.

Spartan citizens were required to donate a certain amount of what they yielded from their kleros to their syssitia, or mess.

These donations to the syssitia were a requirement for every Spartan citizen. All the donated food was then redistributed to feed the Spartan population of that syssitia.

The custom was to capture women for marriage The so-called 'bridesmaid' took charge of the captured girl. She first shaved her head to the scalp, then dressed her in a man's cloak and sandals, and laid her down alone on a mattress in the dark.

The bridegroom — who was not drunk and thus not impotent, but was sober as always — first had dinner in the messes, then would slip in, undo her belt, lift her and carry her to the bed.

The husband continued to visit his wife in secret for some time after the marriage. These customs, unique to the Spartans, have been interpreted in various ways.

One of them decidedly supports the need to disguise the bride as a man in order to help the bridegroom consummate the marriage, so unaccustomed were men to women's looks at the time of their first intercourse.

The "abduction" may have served to ward off the evil eye , and the cutting of the wife's hair was perhaps part of a rite of passage that signaled her entrance into a new life.

Spartan women, of the citizenry class, enjoyed a status, power, and respect that was unknown in the rest of the classical world. The higher status of females in Spartan society started at birth; unlike Athens, Spartan girls were fed the same food as their brothers.

The reasons for delaying marriage were to ensure the birth of healthy children, but the effect was to spare Spartan women the hazards and lasting health damage associated with pregnancy among adolescents.

Spartan women, better fed from childhood and fit from exercise, stood a far better chance of reaching old age than their sisters in other Greek cities, where the median age for death was Unlike Athenian women who wore heavy, concealing clothes and were rarely seen outside the house, Spartan women wore dresses peplos slit up the side to allow freer movement and moved freely about the city, either walking or driving chariots.

Girls as well as boys exercised, possibly in the nude, and young women as well as young men may have participated in the Gymnopaedia "Festival of Nude Youths".

In accordance with the Spartan belief that breeding should be between the most physically fit parents, many older men allowed younger, more fit men, to impregnate their wives.

Other unmarried or childless men might even request another man's wife to bear his children if she had previously been a strong child bearer. The Spartan population was hard to maintain due to the constant absence and loss of the men in battle and the intense physical inspection of newborns.

Spartan women were also literate and numerate, a rarity in the ancient world. Furthermore, as a result of their education and the fact that they moved freely in society engaging with their fellow male citizens, they were notorious for speaking their minds even in public.

Plato goes on to praise Spartan women's ability when it came to philosophical discussion. Most importantly, Spartan women had economic power because they controlled their own properties, and those of their husbands.

Unlike women in Athens, if a Spartan woman became the heiress of her father because she had no living brothers to inherit an epikleros , the woman was not required to divorce her current spouse in order to marry her nearest paternal relative.

Many women played a significant role in the history of Sparta. Herodotus records that as a small girl she advised her father Cleomenes to resist a bribe.

She was later said to be responsible for decoding a warning that the Persian forces were about to invade Greece; after Spartan generals could not decode a wooden tablet covered in wax, she ordered them to clear the wax, revealing the warning.

Laconophilia is love or admiration of Sparta and its culture or constitution. Sparta was subject of considerable admiration in its day, even in rival Athens.

In ancient times "Many of the noblest and best of the Athenians always considered the Spartan state nearly as an ideal theory realised in practice.

With the revival of classical learning in Renaissance Europe , Laconophilia re-appeared, for example in the writings of Machiavelli.

The Elizabethan English constitutionalist John Aylmer compared the mixed government of Tudor England to the Spartan republic, stating that "Lacedemonia [was] the noblest and best city governed that ever was".

He commended it as a model for England. The philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau contrasted Sparta favourably with Athens in his Discourse on the Arts and Sciences , arguing that its austere constitution was preferable to the more sophisticated Athenian life.

Sparta was also used as a model of austere purity by Revolutionary and Napoleonic France. A German racist strain of Laconophilia was initiated by Karl Otfried Müller , who linked Spartan ideals to the supposed racial superiority of the Dorians, the ethnic sub-group of the Greeks to which the Spartans belonged.

In the 20th century, this developed into Fascist admiration of Spartan ideals. Adolf Hitler praised the Spartans, recommending in that Germany should imitate them by limiting "the number allowed to live".

He added that "The Spartans were once capable of such a wise measure The subjugation of , Helots by 6, Spartans was only possible because of the racial superiority of the Spartans.

Certain early Zionists, and particularly the founders of Kibbutz movement in Israel, were influenced by Spartan ideals, particularly in education.

Tabenkin , a founding father of the Kibbutz movement and the Palmach strikeforce, prescribed that education for warfare "should begin from the nursery", that children should from kindergarten be taken to "spend nights in the mountains and valleys".

In modern times, the adjective "spartan" means simple, frugal, avoiding luxury and comfort. Sparta also features prominently in modern popular culture , most famously the Battle of Thermopylae see Battle of Thermopylae in popular culture.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the ancient Greek city-state. For modern-day Sparta, see Sparta, Laconia.

For other uses, see Sparta disambiguation. For other uses, see Spartan disambiguation. City-state in ancient Greece.

The letter lambda was used by the Spartan army as a symbol of Lacedaemon. Ephors Gerousia. Main article: Menelaion, Sparta. Main article: History of Sparta.

Main article: Spartan Constitution. Main article: Helots. Main article: Perioeci. Main article: Agoge.

Main articles: Spartan army and Spartiate. Main article: Women in ancient Sparta. Main article: Laconophilia. The metics, i.

There an amphitheatre was built in the 3rd century AD to observe the ritual whipping of Spartan youths. History of western philosophy. Word study tool of Ancient languages.

University of Oslo. In Bakker, Egbert J. A Companion to the Ancient Greek Language. Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World. Etymological Dictionary of Greek.

With the assistance of Lucien van Beek. Leiden, Boston: Brill. Archived from the original on Retrieved Lefkowitz, Mary R.

Black Athena Revisited. The University of North Carolina Press. Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short. A Latin Dictionary on Perseus Project.

A Dictionary of Ancient Geography [etc. Robinson [etc. Hesychii Alexandrini Lexicon in Greek. Jena: Frederick Mauk. Contributions toward a History of Arabico-Gothic Culture.

In Chisholm, Hugh ed. Cambridge University Press. David Cartwright, p. Franz Steiner Verlag. Encyclopedia Of Ancient Greece.

Routledge UK. Matthew Bennett, p. By Agnes Savill. In Pohlenz, M. Tusculanae Disputationes in Latin. Leipzig: Teubner. At the Perseus Project.

Hellenistic and Roman Sparta. Psychology Press. The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature. Pomeroy , Stanley M. Powell, , p. In Kohl, Marvin ed.

Infanticide and the Value of Life. NY: Prometheus Books. However this may be conflating later practice with that of the classical period.

Beth Cohen, p. Western Heritage. David Brill Archive. J Homosex. Schrader Markoulakis Publications. Retrieved September 14, Pomeroy Spartan Women.

Oxford University Press. In Spataro, Michela; Villing, Alexandra eds. Ceramics, Cuisine and Culture. United Kingdom: Oxbow Books.

Transactions of the American Philological Association. New York: Schocken Books, pp. Davies, Norman [].

Europe: a History. Random House. A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges. New York: Harper and Brothers. Jones, Henry Stuart ed.

A Greek-English Lexicon. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Description of Greece. Jones, Litt. Ormerod, M. Cambridge, MA; London. Corrected and revised by.

William W. Goodwin, PH. Talbert ed. Finley, Rex Warner ed. Ancient Greece. History Geography. City states Politics Military.

Apella Ephor Gerousia. Synedrion Koinon. List of ancient Greeks. Philosophers Playwrights Poets Tyrants. Society Culture. Greek colonisation.

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